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Saturday, June 14, 2008

How To Keep Your Garden Disease Free


For those who have started a vegetable garden, you may be pleased by the fruits of your labor. However, you should note that disease is a common hot spot to be on the look out for. You need to have a level of control over possible diseases to keep your vegetables healthy.There are a few tips that will help you.

With any type of gardening, it all begins with good soil preparation and choosing the right seeds. Choose the hardiest looking vegetable when transplanting. If you are quick about getting rid of the affected vegetables, it will reduce harm to other plants.

Proper watering practices will help as well. You should give the plants moisture early to allow them time to dry before the sun sets. It would be helpful to your vegetables to water them with care. If a plant is diseased, and water splashes from it to another plant, it could spread that disease. Just use the analogy of how colds are passed from one individual to the next. Ensuring that there is proper distance between vegetables can help with this.

Diseases are transferable between plants. Some diseases are transmitted via insects so it is important to keep a check on them. Humans and animals carry a level of danger by passing diseases to your vegetables too. Tobacco mosaic virus is an example and it is transmitted through animals that venture through your vegetable plot or even from contact with your garden gloves.

Maintaining a tight check on weeds will help to lower the chances of diseases. It makes your garden look nicer while keeping it healthy. Different types of microbes can be transferred from the weeds to your vegetable plot. They are also transferable via other medium such as air, water and living organisms like bugs.

Knowing which diseases to look for on certain plants will give you a head start.

When you notice that there is a damp, rotting spot at the base of the lettuce where it meets the ground, that is lettuce mold. The white mold is called Sclerotinia, and the gray is Botrytis. Cut away diseased portions however, if the disease has spread to large areas, removal of the entire plant is advised.

Lettuce is also susceptible to the spinach mosaic virus. They begin by showing blotchy leaves that yellow over time. It begins to look limp and will droop. Some varieties are more resistant to this disease than others, so keep that in mind.

Wilting or rotting of asparagus may be caused by something called Fusarium. The shoots will begin to turn yellow and the spears will be spindly. Discolored and rotted roots may also show up. Remove the affected plants as necessary. The Puccinia fungus will cause another problem with asparagus called rust. This problem will result in reddish spots appearing on the shoots and spears. Excess watering is sometimes the cause of this.

Blight and leaf spots commonly affect tomatoes. Especially in cool summers, these diseases will usually show up by mid August. Tomatoes are affected by soil fungi. The roots of walnut trees sometimes carry a toxin that is potentially dangerous to nearby tomatoes. Making sure the leaves are dry before nightfall will help reduce this.

Being aware of the signs and symptoms and methods to steer clear of such troubles can allow you to produce beautiful vegetables come harvest time.

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